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getopts confuses lower and upper case options


From: address@hidden
Subject: getopts confuses lower and upper case options
Date: Thu, 20 Mar 2008 12:30:33 +1000 (EST)

Configuration Information [Automatically generated, do not change]:
Machine: mips
OS: irix6.5
Compiler: gcc
Compilation CFLAGS:  -DPROGRAM='bash' -DCONF_HOSTTYPE='mips' 
-DCONF_OSTYPE='irix6.5' -DCONF_MACHTYPE='mips-sgi-irix6.5' -DCONF_VENDOR='sgi' 
-DLOCALEDIR='/opt/local/share/locale' -DPACKAGE='bash' -DSHELL -DHAVE_CONFIG_H  
 -I.  -I. -I./include -I./lib -I./lib/intl 
-I/usr/people/panjkova/projects/bash/build/lib/intl  -mabi=64 -mips4 -O2
uname output: IRIX64 pot 6.5 07010238 IP27
Machine Type: mips-sgi-irix6.5

Bash Version: 3.2
Patch Level: 0
Release Status: release

Description:
============
scripterror (source below) is a function that 
  puts the argument of option m in variable 'message'
  puts the argument of option M in variable `testText'

but as you can see, if i supply both options, the argument for -M has gone into 
the argument for -m instead:

# -bash 37 > scripterror -m messagetext -M testtext
testItem=
message=testtext
Warning: in -bash: testtext

Also, if I supply only option -M, its argument again gets treated as if it is 
the argument of -m:

# -bash 38 > scripterror -M testtext
testItem=
message=testtext
Warning: in -bash: testtext


Note however that if I only list one of -m or -M in the getopts list, they are 
handled with case sensitivity. (I.e., 
-m can't be used for -M)

Repeat-By:
==========

load the function scripterror below, then issue  the test commands above to 
demonstrate the problem.
Look at the value of the variables message and testItem.

scripterror() { 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------#
# Subversion keywords:
# $LastChangedDate: 2008-03-19 14:29:18 +1000 (Wed, 19 Mar 2008) $
# $LastChangedRevision$
# $LastChangedBy: panjkova $
# $HeadURL: 
svn://starship/CINRS/aussiegrass/users/panjkova/bin/bash_functions/scripterror $
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------#
    local verbosityRestoreCmd=$(localVerbositySave)
    set +x ; set +v
    local ThisFun=scripterror
    trap "eval $verbosityRestoreCmd" RETURN
    trap "echo Trapped an unforeseen error in scripterror with args " ERR
    usage="Usage: scripterror -m message -l location -s severity -e 
returnstatus -A emailTo \n
       \t -m error message\n
       \t -l string describing error location (e.g. script name, section, 
etc.)\n
       \t -s severity : fatal - exit, warning - keep processing script\n
       \t -A email address : if given, then message sent to that address as 
well\n
       \t -e return status from last command, usually $? "

    #----defaults----#
    local message="Unspecified error"
    local location="$0"
    local severity="Warning: "
    local emailTo=""
    local badoption=""
    local returnstatus=""

    #----# Save the getops variables before sweeping the CLAs. #----#
    local opt
    local saveOPTARG=${OPTARG:-""}
    local saveOPTIND=${OPTIND:-1}
    OPTIND=1


    while getopts ":e:m:l:s:A:M:" opt ; do
        case $opt in
            e ) returnstatus=$OPTARG ;;
            m ) message=$OPTARG ;;
            l ) location=$OPTARG ;;
            s ) severity=$OPTARG ;;
            M ) testItem=$OPTARG ;;
            A ) emailTo=$OPTARG ;;
            \: ) echo "Argument missing from -$OPTARG option in function 
scripterror" ;;
            \? ) eval badoption=\$$((OPTIND - 1)) ;;
        esac 
    done
    shift $((OPTIND - 1 )) #--# Pushes the processed option/args out, leaving 
only unprocessed CLAs. #--#
    
    #----# Restore the getopts arguments. #----#
    OPTARG=$saveOPTARG
    OPTIND=$saveOPTIND

    echo testItem=$testItem
    echo message=$message

    #--subsequent args are ignored--#

    #----# Assemble the full message. #----#
    local fullMessage="$severity in $location: $message"
        
    if [ ! -z "$returnstatus" ] ; then
        fullMessage=$fullMessage":  Return status from last command was: 
$returnstatus"
    fi

    if [ ! -z "$badoption" ] ; then
        fullMessage=$fullMessage": Bad option to scripterror ($badoption) 
ignored."
        echo -e $usage >&2
    fi

    #----# Output to stderr, and mail. #----#
    echo $fullMessage >&2

    if [ ! -z "$emailTo" ] ; then
        echo $fullMessage | mailx -s "$fullMessage" $emailTo
    fi

    if [ "$severity" = "FATAL" -o "$severity" = "fatal" ] ; then
        echo "Exiting!" >&2
        exit $returnstatus 
    else
        return 0
    fi
}



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