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Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by
From: |
Chet Ramey |
Subject: |
Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero? |
Date: |
Tue, 06 Apr 2010 14:15:31 -0400 |
User-agent: |
Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; Intel Mac OS X 10.5; en-US; rv:1.9.1.8) Gecko/20100227 Thunderbird/3.0.3 |
On 4/6/10 11:56 AM, Roman Rakus wrote:
> On 04/06/2010 05:32 PM, John Reiser wrote:
>>>>> Program received signal SIGFPE, Arithmetic exception.
>>>>> 0x0000000000462cd5 in exp2 () at expr.c:761
>>>>> 761 val1 /= val2;
>>>>> (gdb) print val1
>>>>> $1 = -9223372036854775808
>>>>> (gdb) print val2
>>>>> $2 = -1
>>>>>
>>>>> which is strange.
>>
>>>> Not at all. Overflow invokes undefined behaviour.
>>
>>> But why there is no overflow on 32bit system?
>>
>> No *detected* overflow. For instance, if computing (2 ** 63)
>> gives 0 (the low-order 32 bits of the true result) and
>> does not detect the overflow (or ignores the overflow,
>> either by intention or by bug), then there is no problem
>> with computing (0 / -1).
>>
> Thanks for clarifying my words.
> So, on 32bit systems, evaluation of (2 ** 63 / -1) gives the wrong number.
It shouldn't matter whether or not the system is 32-bit. Bash performs
arithmetic on intmax_t values, which are 64 bits on all Linux systems I
have available, at least. I'm not sure whether the compiler or libc has
greater responsibility for manipulating 64-bit quantities.
Chet
--
``The lyf so short, the craft so long to lerne.'' - Chaucer
``Ars longa, vita brevis'' - Hippocrates
Chet Ramey, ITS, CWRU address@hidden http://cnswww.cns.cwru.edu/~chet/
- Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Roman Rakus, 2010/04/06
- Re: Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Greg Wooledge, 2010/04/06
- Re: Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Roman Rakus, 2010/04/06
- Re: Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Greg Wooledge, 2010/04/06
- Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Dr. Werner Fink, 2010/04/06
- Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Andreas Schwab, 2010/04/06
- Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Roman Rakus, 2010/04/06
- Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Andreas Schwab, 2010/04/06
- Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, John Reiser, 2010/04/06
- Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Roman Rakus, 2010/04/06
- Re: [bash-bug] Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?,
Chet Ramey <=
- Re: Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Roman Rakus, 2010/04/06
- Re: Can arithmetic evaluation trap more than just division by zero?, Roman Rakus, 2010/04/07