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Special parameter ?


From: esoriano
Subject: Special parameter ?
Date: Fri, 21 Sep 2018 13:23:57 +0200

The man page of bash (Special Parameters section) says:

   ? expands to the exit status of the most 
   recently executed foreground pipeline.

Nevertheless, background commands also modify the
value of this variable. 

Example:

address@hidden:~$ false
address@hidden:~$ sleep 2 &
       (wait 3 seconds)
address@hidden:~$ echo $?
0
address@hidden:~$  

In this example, the most recently executed foreground 
command is false, so the value of $? should be 1.

Configuration Information [Automatically generated, do not change]:
Machine: x86_64
OS: linux-gnu
Compiler: gcc
Compilation CFLAGS:  -DPROGRAM='bash' -DCONF_HOSTTYPE='x86_64' 
-DCONF_OSTYPE='linux-gnu' -DCONF_MACHTYPE='x86_64-pc-linux-gnu' 
-DCONF_VENDOR='pc' -DLOCALEDIR='/usr/share/locale' -DPACKAGE='bash' -DSHELL 
-DHAVE_CONFIG_H   -I.  -I../. -I.././include -I.././lib  -Wdate-time 
-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -O2 -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/bash-vEMnMR/bash-4.4.18=. 
-fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wall 
-Wno-parentheses -Wno-format-security
uname output: Linux omac 4.15.0-34-generic #37-Ubuntu SMP Mon Aug 27 15:21:48 
UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
Machine Type: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu

Bash Version: 4.4
Patch Level: 19
Release Status: release

Description:
        [Detailed description of the problem, suggestion, or complaint.]

Repeat-By:
        [Describe the sequence of events that causes the problem
        to occur.]

Fix:
        [Description of how to fix the problem.  If you don't know a
        fix for the problem, don't include this section.]



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