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Re: builtin echo vs /bin/echo appears to affect variable scope

From: Chet Ramey
Subject: Re: builtin echo vs /bin/echo appears to affect variable scope
Date: Mon, 2 Mar 2020 15:01:11 -0500
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.14; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/68.5.0

On 3/2/20 2:54 PM, Keith Thompson wrote:
> From: kst
> To: address@hidden
> Subject: echo vs /bin/echo appears to affect variable scope
> Configuration Information [Automatically generated, do not change]:
> Machine: x86_64
> OS: linux-gnu
> Compiler: gcc
> Compilation CFLAGS: -g -O2 -Wno-parentheses -Wno-format-security
> uname output: Linux bomb20 4.15.0-88-generic #88-Ubuntu SMP Tue Feb 11
> 20:11:34 UTC 2020 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
> Machine Type: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
> Bash Version: 5.0
> Patch Level: 16
> Release Status: release
> Description:
> The original test case was a small script in this answer on Stack Overflow:
> https://stackoverflow.com/a/60480960/827263
> I've narrowed it down to two scripts that differ only in
> using "echo" vs.  "/bin/echo".  With the built-in "echo",
> $i is correctly incremented.  With the external "/bin/echo",
> $i appears to be 0 on each iteration.
> Moving the "((i++))" into a separate command also works around
> the bug.

It's not a bug. That expansion is performed as part of a redirection;
redirections are performed in subshells when the simple command they
affect is run in a subshell.

``The lyf so short, the craft so long to lerne.'' - Chaucer
                 ``Ars longa, vita brevis'' - Hippocrates
Chet Ramey, UTech, CWRU    address@hidden    http://tiswww.cwru.edu/~chet/

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