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Long variable value get corrupted sometimes

From: Daniel Qian
Subject: Long variable value get corrupted sometimes
Date: Wed, 16 Feb 2022 16:10:40 +0800

Hi all,

I encountered a problem that long variable value get corrupted sometimes.

OS: Alpine linux 3.15.0 (docker container)
Bash version: GNU bash, version 5.1.8(1)-release (x86_64-alpine-linux-musl)

Reproduction steps:

A UTF-8 encoded file containing a lot of Chinese characters, file size ~35K.

A test script read content from `foo.txt` and assign the content to a variable,
and then check md5sum for that variable.


FOO=$(cat /tmp/foo.txt)
want_q_md5=$(cat /tmp/foo.txt.md5 | cut -d ' ' -f 1)
got_md5=$(echo "$FOO" | md5sum -b | cut -d ' ' -f 1)
if [[ "$got_md5" != "$want_q_md5" ]]; then
  echo "failed"
  echo "$FOO" > /tmp/foo-corrupt.txt
  echo "succeed"

**Sometimes**, the md5sum check failed.

Output variable value to `foo-corrupt.txt` when check fail, compare it
with `foo.txt`,
found that a random byte are inserted into multiple positions.

I created a github repo for this issue, all the scripts are there:

Daniel Qian
Apache Committer(chanjarster)
segmentfault: https://segmentfault.com/u/chanjarster

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