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Re: $(( )): binary/unary VAR/NUM inconsistency

From: Chet Ramey
Subject: Re: $(( )): binary/unary VAR/NUM inconsistency
Date: Thu, 7 Jul 2022 11:35:50 -0400
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.15; rv:91.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/91.10.0

On 7/6/22 1:10 PM, Steffen Nurpmeso wrote:

'Struggling with a Dijkstra two stack parser i am thankful to be
able to compare against bash that uses a completely different and
correct parser!

I stumbled upon this (bash 5.1.16); i find it "understandable" in
respect to clarity, but inconsistent, and also in hindsight to the
announcement of a forthcoming release i thought i report it quick:

   $ bash -c 'I=10; echo $((1++I)); echo $I'
   bash: line 1: 1++I: syntax error in expression (error token is "++I")
   $ bash -c 'I=10; echo $((1++1)); echo $I'

Thanks for the report. Most of these are due to bash trying to be helpful.
The pre/postfix operators are parsed as such when they make sense depending
on what precedes or follows them. For instance, if you have ++I, it's
parsed as a pre-increment; if you have ++1, it's parsed as two unary plus
operators and an integer constant.

(Part of this was an attempt to be backwards compatible when I added the
++ and -- operators, since they weren't present until bash-2.04.)

   $ bash -c 'I=10;echo "<$(( +10+++I ))>"'

unary plus, constant, binary plus operator, pre-increment, variable

   $ bash -c 'I=10;echo "<$(( +10+ ++I ))>"'


   $ bash -c 'I=10;echo "<$(( +10+ +I ))>"'

unary plus, constant, binary plus operator, unary plus, variable

``The lyf so short, the craft so long to lerne.'' - Chaucer
                 ``Ars longa, vita brevis'' - Hippocrates
Chet Ramey, UTech, CWRU    chet@case.edu    http://tiswww.cwru.edu/~chet/

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