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[Bug binutils/19315] New: addr2line change for C++ symbols breaks behavi
pcarroll at codesourcery dot com
[Bug binutils/19315] New: addr2line change for C++ symbols breaks behavior for inlined functions
Mon, 30 Nov 2015 20:41:50 +0000
Bug ID: 19315
Summary: addr2line change for C++ symbols breaks behavior for
Assignee: unassigned at sourceware dot org
Reporter: pcarroll at codesourcery dot com
Target Milestone: ---
Created attachment 8818
C++ test case
This issue is a side effect of the change for bug #17541
That change was to have addr2line (through the use of BFD dwarf2.c) identify
C++ symbols in debug information that could be missing namespace, class, and
other information but have no linkage name, and then find a matching symbol in
the ELF symbol table.
I compiled my enclosed test case with g++ 5.2.0, with the '-g -O2' options, for
I then inspected the DWARF2 information for my resulting executable and found
the debug information for my 'main' subprogram. The DWARF2 information then
showed 2 following inlined functions. The first inlined function mapped to the
'func1' class member, which had a linkage name of '_Z5func1i'. The second
inlined function mapped to the 'myfunc' C function, which has no linkage name.
In my example, the low_pc address for 'myfunc' is 0x103cc.
(I'm not sure there is a way to figure out the appropriate address without just
inspecting an executable. So, of course, I would expect a different address
for a test case compiled with a different toolchain.)
With that in mind, I run addr2line 2.25.51 on the resulting executable, with
the arguments '-f -i -e addr2test2 103ce', so it maps into the innermost
function. This produces the following output:
As we can see, this returns the name of the outermost function 'main' rather
than the innermost function 'myfunc' for the first function name.
When I investigated this issue, I believe it ties into the code at the end of
'_bfd_dwarf2_find_nearest_line'. There, the code checks if is_linkage is set
for a function. If not (i.e., it is C++ or similar), then a call to
'_bfd_elf_find_function' is made. That will find a symbol in the ELF symbol
table, which is, of course, the outermost function name. The inlined function
names are not found by this means. That is not a problem if the linkage name
is present. But that is not always the case, such as for an inlined C
function, as occurred here.
I believe this can be avoided by modifying '_bfd_elf_find_function' in
dwarf2.c, to have it return a pointer to the symbol that is found. Then, after
'_bfd_elf_find_function' is called for symbols without a linkage symbol, the
value of the ELF symbol is compared against the DWARF's low_pc value. The test
I used was:
if ((matching_sym->value+section->vma) == function->arange.low)
I'm not sure if that is the best way to see if these addresses are the same,
but that worked for me. If the addresses are the same, then using the ELF
symbol is appropriate. If the addresses are different, though, then the DWARF2
symbol is appropriate. That is true whether the symbol is an embedded C
function, such as is my example, or it is a C++ symbol that has no linkage name
and is somehow missing namespace, class, or other information. Some
information seems better than wrong information.
When I ran my modified addr2line function, I got the following output:
That, I think, is the best we can hope for.
And that also matches what is seen with addr2line 2.24.51.
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