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Re: Test Proposal for [bug #46716] Protective MBR partition is not marke

From: Thomas Schmitt
Subject: Re: Test Proposal for [bug #46716] Protective MBR partition is not marked as bootable
Date: Tue, 29 Dec 2015 17:05:50 +0100


do i understand it right that you decided for the dummy MBR partition
that covers a single block at the start of the ISO ?

If you confirm, i will replace the two macros by a single option
which you can add to your grub-mkrescue run.

How about this:

    If --protective-msdos-label or --grub2-mbr are given, make sure
    that one of the MBR partitions bears the "bootable/active" flag.
    If that flag is missing then apply it to the first partition
    which is not of type 0xee or 0xef. If no such partition exists,
    then create a dummy partition of type 0x00 which covers only the
    first block of the ISO image.

(An MBR partition which includes block 0 can be neither a
 0xee nor a 0xef. So if there is one, it will get the bootflag
 and no 0x00 partition will get appended.
 No partition overlapping can be added.)

If a --grub2-mjg-layout option emerges, then the effect of
--protective-msdos-bootflag will be extended to that one, too.

The sketching of a comprehensive language for describing
boot sectors and partitions will last a bit longer, i fear.

Now for alternative layouts:

Alexander E. Patrakov wrote:
> 1. "vanilla": with the modified system_area.c, but with no CPPFLAGS
> 2. "no-boot-dummy": with -DLibisofs_mjg_boot_for_grub2
> 3. "rich": with -DLibisofs_mjg_boot_for_grub2
>    -DLibisofs_protective_msdos_plus_boot_dummY -DLibisofs_pmpbd_on_lba0
> ...
> A. "plain": grub-mkrescue -o minimal-plain.iso minimal
> B. "default": grub-mkrescue -o minimal-default.iso minimal
>     --xorriso=/.../grub-mkrescue-sed.sh

> All combinations except 1B and 1C are, based on your prior emails, valid,

At least mode "mjg" yields the desired result only with 2 and 3.

> 1A, 1D, 2A: not recognized by the motherboard at all.
> no MBR partitions are marked as bootable on these iso images.

1A and 2A are the reason why this thread exists. They lack of
a non-0xee-0xef partition which one could mark bootable.
1D has no boot flag because MKRESCUE_SED_PROTECTIVE=no. You may
trade bootflag for mountable ISO partition by MKRESCUE_SED_PROTECTIVE=yes.
(I will ponder whether boot flag can be enabled by --grub2-mbr
 if some non-0xee-0xef partition is at hand.)

> Note: I have also applied Andrei's patch that replaces the boot code in the
> FAT filesystem.
> ...
> 2B: prints "this is not a bootable disk" message that is embedded
> in the new boot code.

You see a string from the EFI partition 0xef in your old BIOS ?

2B lacks boot flag because 0xef is the only MBR partition.

My conclusions:

Andrei's proposal to have an "mjg" layout (MBR+GPT+APM) works so far,
if it gets augmented by an additional MBR partition which bears a
boot flag.
This may be

- a dummy partition (program variant 3[AB]),

- or a (pseudo-)protective partition (program variant 2C with EFI
  partition as MBR partition 2)

- or a partition which makes the ISO mountable (program 2C with

My proposal "mbr_only" works too (so far), if boot flag is present

- because the program changes for "mjg" included the desire for
  a bootflag (program variant [23]D),

- or because MKRESCUE_SED_PROTECTIVE=yes are in effect (programs

The new proposed option --protective-msdos-bootflag will enforce
the presence of a boot flag if the system area settings indicate 


Both layout proposals still suffer from the fact that the file
efi.img is inside the ISO but also must be appended to its end.

I am now working on implementing an alternative boot image
source which would make file /efi.img in the ISO obsolete.
Current plan:

  -e --interval:appended_partition_2:all::

will point El Torito to the appended MBR partition 2 after the
end of the ISO.
It had a first SIGSEGV and intermediate success. But "mjg" still
lacks its GPT ... will have to look where it got lost ...

Have a nice day :)


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