About the startx issue, takea look to this extract:
has been ported and all video cards, which it supports that do not require a kernel module or drm should work.
You need to already be running the Hurd console and have repeaters setup as indicated in the previous section. For instance, check that echo $TERM prints hurd, and check that /dev/cons/kbd and /dev/cons/mouse exist.
You need to run dpkg-reconfigure x11-common xserver-xorg-legacy to allow any user to start Xorg, because the X wrapper does not know about the Hurd and Mach consoles.
You also need to create a /etc/X11/xorg.conf
to enable the control-alt-backspace shortcut:
Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Generic Keyboard" Driver "kbd" Option "XkbOptions" "terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp" EndSection
It may happen that for some reason Xorg chooses a 16/9 resolution but a 4/3 desktop size. Blame Xorg, not the Hurd :) To avoid the issue, append this to /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Section "Screen" Identifier "myScreen" SubSection "Display" Virtual 1024 768 EndSubSection EndSection
You will need several X packages. xorg, rxvt and a window manager: twm, icewm, openbox, ... are a good start. If you want X to get started at boot, you have to install a display manager. lightdm and gdm do not work yet, but xdm should just work fine.
Finally, run startx /usr/bin/yourwm".
Is taken from this Web Page:https://www.debian.org/ports/hurd/hurd-install
Wich can be considered a kind of "bible" for using Debian GNU/Hurd nowdays.
Hope this advice helps you.
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