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bug#10005: pyexec_... target's dependency (via LIBADD) on lib_... target

From: Frederik Heber
Subject: bug#10005: pyexec_... target's dependency (via LIBADD) on lib_... target not recognized
Date: Wed, 09 Nov 2011 19:35:06 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux x86_64; en-US; rv: Gecko/20110921 Thunderbird/3.1.15

Hey there,

My problem in short is:
I have a project where multiple shared libraries among them a python
module (pybar) (using boost::python) is created. However, the python
module (pyexec_LT...) depends on one of the other shared libraries
(lib_LT...) via ..._LIBADD. This dependency is not correctly recognized.
Linking fails when executing make install.

It is similar to the problem described here
(http://osdir.com/ml/automake-gnu/2010-03/msg00037.html), although there
it occurs for the same target name, not in conjuction with pyexec_....

first the system info:
libtool 2.2.6b (according to libtool --version)
automake 1.11.1 (according to automake --version)
Ubuntu 10.04, Linux bespin 2.6.32-34-generic ... x86_64 GNU/Linux
(according to uname)

m4 macros:
boost is checked via tsuna's boost.m4 from
https://github.com/tsuna/boost.m4 (setting all BOOST_...)
ax_python.m4 checks for python presence (setting PYTHON_...)

The essential parts from Makefile.am are as follows:
lib_LTLIBRARIES += libfooUI.la
libfoo_la_LIBADD = \
        .. just convenience libraries ...
pyexec_LTLIBRARIES += pybar.la
pybar_la_SOURCES = \
        bar.cpp \
        bar.hpp \
pybar_la_LDFLAGS = -module -avoid-version -shared
pybar_la_LIBADD = \

The problem is then when calling make install:
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lfoo
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
libtool: install: error: relink `pybar.la' with the above command before
installing it
make[4]: *** [install-pyexecLTLIBRARIES] Error 1
make[4]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....

I.e. libtool (automake) does not seem to recognize the dependency of the
shared libraries pybar on libfoo because of the different prefixes lib_
and pyexec_: libfoo has not been relinked at this point yet. pybar is
re-linked too early. The problem disappears if the python module is
(wrongly) given among the lib_LTLIBRARIES.

This first rears its head during re-linking with the install target (and
with the final link dir via -L given to ld), normal 'make all' produces
both libraries just fine.

Is this known? Is this a bug? Is there a workaround? Can I do anything
more to assist?

Kind regards,

Dipl.Phys. Frederik Heber
Wegelerstrasse 6/5.011, 53115 Bonn
Tel.: +49 228 73 3866
(Arbeitsgruppe Prof. Dr. M. Griebel)

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