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Re: New Flymake rewrite in emacs-26

From: João Távora
Subject: Re: New Flymake rewrite in emacs-26
Date: Wed, 11 Oct 2017 01:07:19 +0100
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/26.0.60 (gnu/linux)

Noam Postavsky <address@hidden> writes:

> I've also hardly ever used flymake, so this may be nonsense, but maybe
> you could run 'make --just-print foo.o' to get the exact shell
> commands for compiling foo.c. This would bypass any need to know
> details of compilation beyond figuring out the target name from the
> source.

Thanks for the idea. Certainly not nonsense, but also not a silver
bullet, since Makefiles can invoke gcc in arbitrary ways that fool a
guesser. Still, it’s probably decent in a fair amount of cases, and I’m
giving it a go to see if it works with Emacs sources and perhaps some
other GNU projects. I attach my flag-guessing function at the end.

First, my idea is to cache the result of these flags contingent on the
Makefile’s location and mtime. This, I think, is doable. Then I use a
regexp to extract the gcc invocation from the output.

The regexp is very poor but does the job. For the src/fringe.c file the
regexp is


This indeed matches Make’s output and gets me something like this for
the match group 1

   -c -Demacs -I. -I. -I../lib -I../lib -isystem /usr/include/freetype2
    -isystem /usr/include/alsa -pthread -isystem /usr/include/librsvg-2.0
    -isystem /usr/include/gdk-pixbuf-2.0 -isystem /usr/include/libpng16
    -isystem /usr/include/cairo -isystem /usr/include/glib-2.0 -isystem
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -isystem
    /usr/include/pixman-1 -isystem /usr/include/freetype2 -isystem
    /usr/include/libpng16 -isystem /usr/include/libpng16 -isystem
    /usr/include/libxml2 -isystem /usr/include/dbus-1.0 -isystem
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/dbus-1.0/include -pthread -isystem
    /usr/include/glib-2.0 -isystem
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -isystem
    /usr/include/glib-2.0 -isystem
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -isystem
    /usr/include/freetype2 -isystem /usr/include/freetype2 -isystem
    /usr/include/freetype2 -MMD -MF
    deps//home/capitaomorte/Source/Emacs/emacs-26/src/fringe.d -MP -isystem
    /usr/include/p11-kit-1 -fno-common -W -Wabi -Waddress
    [... elided many many -W flags]
    -Wno-type-limits -Wno-unused-parameter -Wno-format-nonliteral -g3 -O2

Unfortunately, not all flags make sense for flymake, like the -M family
of flags. Ideally, i’d need a way to parse this big string of flags back
into, say, an alist, and cherry pick the -I, -D, and -W flags from that
set. But I’m afraid split-string will insufficiently deal with escaped
spaces in the output.

Any ideas?


PS: My WIP follows

(defvar-local flymake--gcc-cached-flags nil)

(defun flymake-gcc-guess-gcc-flags (&optional trash-cache)
  (interactive "P")
  (unless (executable-find "make")
    (error "Cannot find a suitable make"))
  (when trash-cache
    (setq flymake--gcc-cached-flags nil))
  (catch 'retval
    (when-let* ((makefile-dir
                 (locate-dominating-file default-directory "Makefile"))
                (makefile (expand-file-name "Makefile" makefile-dir))
                (mtime (file-attribute-modification-time
                        (file-attributes makefile))))
       ((equal (list makefile mtime)
               (cdr flymake--gcc-cached-flags))
        (when (called-interactively-p 'interactive)
          (message "cached hit for flags for this buffer: %s"
                   (car flymake--gcc-cached-flags)))
        (throw 'retval (car flymake--gcc-cached-flags)))
            ((blob (shell-command-to-string
                    (format "make -B -C %s -f %s --just-print %s.o"
                            (file-name-sans-extension (buffer-file-name)))))
             (match (string-match
                     (format "gcc[[:space:]]+\\(\\(?:-.*\\)*\\)%s"
             (flags (split-string (match-string 1 blob) nil t "[[:space:]]")))
          (setq flymake--gcc-cached-flags (list flags makefile mtime))
          (when (called-interactively-p 'interactive)
            (message "cached miss for flags for this buffer: %s" flags))
          (throw 'retval flags))))
      (when (called-interactively-p 'interactive)
        (message "Couldn’t guess flags for this buffer :-(")))))

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