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Re: Local face remapping

From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: Re: Local face remapping
Date: Thu, 05 Oct 2023 08:32:54 +0300

> From: JD Smith <jdtsmith@gmail.com>
> Date: Wed, 4 Oct 2023 14:48:22 -0400
> Cc: emacs-devel@gnu.org
> > On Oct 4, 2023, at 12:54 PM, Eli Zaretskii <eliz@gnu.org> wrote:
> > 
> > Use different faces?
> Ha.  Yes, of course you can can find and replace all the relevant faces in a 
> region, but given that face-remapping-alist already does this efficiently for 
> the entire buffer, I had hoped a similar region-constrained / overlay-based 
> functionality might exist.  I’ll take that as a no :).

Let me help you understand the situation better.

In Emacs, faces are defined per-frame.  That is, each frame can have a
different definition of the same face symbol.

face-remapping-alist doesn't (and cannot) change that simple fact, so
it is a trick: it creates new faces based on default faces, in a way
that is buffer-local.  This works (btw, not in all places) because the
display engine consults the buffer-local value of face-remapping-alist
each time it needs to realize a face for display.  If that variable is
non-nil, and the face to be realized is mentioned in the alist, then
the display engine generates a new face on the fly and uses that new
face for display.

So, if you want face-remapping that depends on buffer positions, you
will need to change the implementation of face-remapping: instead of a
simple alist, we will probably need to also allow a function returning
such an alist, and the C code will need to be taught to deal with
the situation where face-remapping-alist's value is a function.

My suggestion to use different faces just does explicitly what
face-remapping-alist does implicitly.

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