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Re: What should the constructor for a record look like?

From: Ludovic Courtès
Subject: Re: What should the constructor for a record look like?
Date: Mon, 27 Aug 2018 14:22:38 +0200
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/26.1 (gnu/linux)


HiPhish <address@hidden> skribis:

> Hello, it's me again, the guy who wants to implement MessagePack [1] in 
> Guile. 
> The specification defines a type of "extension" [2], a pair of an 8-bit 
> integer and a byte array for data. Implementing this type as a record is 
> obvious, but what should be the name of the constructor?
>     (define-record-type ext
>       (make-ext type data)
>       ext?
>       (type ext-type)
>       (data ext-data))
> Either `make-ext` or just `ext` seem appropriate.

For immutable records (which should be the norm :-)), I often leave out
‘make-’ nowadays.  (The analogy is ‘string’ vs. ‘make-string’, for

> I have seen both types of constructors, what do you guys say? And

guys and gals :-)

> while I'm on the topic, what about types? An extension is only valid
> if the first field (type) is an integer from -128 to 127 and the data
> a vector of bytes (integer in the range from 0 to 255). How do I
> enforce this invariant without static typing?

You could enforce it by not exporting the raw record constructor, and
instead exporting a procedure that performs all the necessary checks:

  (define-record-type <ext>
    (%ext type data)         ;private

  (define (ext type data)    ;public
    (assert-valid-arguments type data)
    (%ext type data))



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