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Re: [Paparazzi-devel] Securing the Paparazzi drone

From: Luke Ionno
Subject: Re: [Paparazzi-devel] Securing the Paparazzi drone
Date: Tue, 25 Aug 2015 07:30:49 -0400

Honestly, I've flown the AR.Drone 2 and Bebop, and I've never been
particularly concerned with the lax security on the Parrots (although I've
been aware of it), given what they are: glorified toys.  I mean, by
comparison, your average RC plane (particularly with the old analog 72 MHz
RC control link) was MUCH less secure than a Parrot.  At least nobody can
accidently crash a Parrot, simply by emitting on the wrong frequency.  

Once you move over to true industrial/commercial (or even just
larger/heavier) UAVs, I agree completely, rigorous security is required.


-----Original Message-----
From: address@hidden
[mailto:address@hidden On Behalf Of
Jan Capek
Sent: Tuesday, August 25, 2015 5:08 AM
To: address@hidden
Subject: Re: [Paparazzi-devel] Securing the Paparazzi drone

Excellent summary, our company has years of experience in running and
securing Linux based systems (including embedded targets, too). However, we
are quite new to the UAV platforms. World is full of naive solutions with
none to zero security. People using toys don't seem to care about this too
much. However, commercial and industrial use of UAV's calls for a certified
software which will cover security aspects too. This is an area that we want
to focus on once we gain enough practical experience with UAV's.

Best regards,


Dne Mon, 24 Aug 2015 16:08:40 -0400
David Conger <address@hidden> napsal(a):

> I have mentioned security in the past. I remember making an ARDrone 
> fall from the sky in a part in Toulouse from my iPhone as a 
> demonstration these drones are too insecure...sorry guys for that I 
> made sure it was only a few feet from the grass before pressing enter 
> :] Three years later at BlackHat a much more public demonstration of 
> the same got a lot of attention. I was surprised this gaping security 
> hole still exists. Open root access to a flying robot???
> I propose a simple fix I do all the time to any Linux system I work
> with: 1. exchange ssh keys
> 2. disable password login completely for every account 3. disable root 
> login, do not use root at all (sudo) and monitor root access of any 
> kind Has anyone considered simply exchanging files, disable 
> password login, the simple things are often the best. For any server I 
> manage there are no password logins or root logins allowed ever. They 
> key can be generated somewhere else and if the right files are 
> exchanged it works fine. cfengine can easily mass setup systems (read 
> drones at the factory) with security in place before shipping to 
> eliminate sending them out all open to the world for root. So easy to 
> do pls consider it vendors.
> Paparazzi is not nearly as insecure from ENAC. Smart minds enabled a 
> HASH "key" exchanged at compile so the drone refuses messages without 
> the proper key. Now however we are running Paparazzi on less secure 
> platforms so it is time to address security again.
> As Parrot uses Linux and it should be trivial to implement ssh key 
> exchanges at the factory using automation (cfengine is nice). I have 
> setup cfengine scripts to build entire Oracle RAC clusters from bare 
> metal so I know what goes on the ARDrone is easily doable this way.
> Initial drone security (also Skycontroller) would be the 3 steps 
> given. Now with keys in place your programmers on the ground can 
> interact with the drone without sending any passwords over the air and 
> with sudo all steps required can be done, safely.
> Is there anyone with questions? If so just ask I'm glad to help. I 
> have already seen one video where someone uses aircrack-ng to send a 
> WiFi deauth packet then connects and takes over control of the drone 
> using automated scripts from a flying Raspberry Pi with Wifi. Trivial 
> to do really but sadly it's so trivial to do. Let's fix this together!
> -David
> _______________________________________________
> Paparazzi-devel mailing list
> address@hidden

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