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xabcd.el --- convert raw bytes to the X'ABCD' notation and back

From: florian
Subject: xabcd.el --- convert raw bytes to the X'ABCD' notation and back
Date: Mon, 13 Apr 2009 14:25:33 -0700 (PDT)
User-agent: G2/1.0

I wrote the following because I am actually writing an SQLite
interface for Emacs that uses the command line interface, and thought
it should at least be capable of handling BLOB data (such as for
passing an image from the database to Emacs -- whatever).

The principle seemed generic enough to warrant making this a separate
micro library of its own, though I do not know whether the notation is
used elsewhere.

Any comments, bewilderment, or suggestions are welcome.

;;; xabcd.el --- convert raw bytes to the X'ABCD' notation and back

;; Copyright (C) 2009 Florian v. Savigny

;; Author: Florian v. Savigny (florian at fsavigny dot dee ee)
;; (Please direct any comments there.)
;; Thanks to Juanma Barranquero, who (via pointed out
;; to me where the missing information in the manual is.

;; This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
;; modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
;; published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
;; License, or (at your option) any later version.
;; This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
;; WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
;; Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

;;; Commentary:
;;  The X'ABCD' notation is a string representation of bytes which
;;  uses only the characters 0-9 and a to f, i.e. the hexadecimal
;;  digits. Every byte is represented as a two-digit hexadecimal
;;  number (meaning that the X'ABCD' notation has exactly double the
;;  size of the bytes it represents). The format is used by SQLite for
;;  passing binary data over the command line (and possibly

;;; History:
;;  (I really don't think that would be interesting.)

;;; Code:

(defun xabcd-to-byte-string (xabcd)
  "Convert the XABCD string representation of a byte sequence to the
XABCD must be a string of two-digit hexadecimal numbers."
  (let ((ind 0)
        (length (length xabcd))
    (while (< ind length)
      (setq next-hex-char (substring xabcd
                                     ind (+ ind 2)))
      (setq byte-string
            (concat byte-string
                    (char-to-string (string-to-number next-hex-char 16))))
      (setq ind (+ ind 2)))
    ;; return:

(defun string-to-xabcd (string)
  "Convert STRING - byte by byte - to its xabcd representation.
The xabcd representation is a string of two-digit hexadecimal numbers,
e.g. the ascii newline character is represented as the string \"0a\",
an a umlaut encoded in UTF-8 is represented as \"81e4\", and so on."
  (let* ((byte-string (string-as-unibyte string))
         (length (length byte-string))
         (ind 0)
    (while (< ind length)
      (setq next-byte (aref byte-string ind))
      (setq xabcd
            (concat xabcd
                    (format "%02x" next-byte))) ; pad on the left with 0 to 
make two
      (setq ind (1+ ind)))
    ;; return:

(defun file-to-xabcd (filename)
  "Return contents of FILENAME in xabcd notation."
  (let ((bytes-buffer (generate-new-buffer "*file contents*"))
    (set-buffer bytes-buffer)
    (insert-file-contents-literally filename)
    (setq xabcd (string-to-xabcd (buffer-string)))
    (kill-buffer bytes-buffer)

(defun xabcd-to-file (xabcd-string filename &optional silently
  "Convert XABCD-STRING back to its bytes and write them to FILENAME.
If SILENTLY is t, don\'t emit the \"Wrote ... \" message.
MUSTBENEW is passed to `write-region', which see."
      ((coding-system-for-write 'no-conversion)
       (silently (if silently 'silence nil))) ; 'silence: neither t
nor nil nor a string
     (xabcd-to-byte-string xabcd-string) ; START (a string)
     nil                                 ; END (ignored when START is
a string)
     filename                            ; FILENAME
     nil                                 ; APPEND (seems an unlikely
     silently                            ; VISIT (neither t nor nil
nor a string: no message)
     nil                                 ; LOCKNAME
     mustbenew)))                        ; MUSTBENEW

(provide 'xabcd)

;;; xabcd.el ends here

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